Cindy Lai, MD


Dr. Lai is a general internist who attends on the medicine wards at UCSF Health/Parnassus and has a primary care practice at UCSF/Mt. Zion, where she precepts residents and students. She serves as the Gold-Headed Cane Endowed Education Chair in Internal Medicine. She is the director of medical student clinical education for the Department of Medicine (clerkship director), and oversees the Parnassus site. Dr. Lai is a deputy editor for the Journal of General Internal Medicine and an editor for the First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards. Dr. Lai has been recognized with teaching and mentoring awards and is a member of the Haile T. Debas Academy of Medical Educators. She completed an internal medicine residency at Massachusetts General Hospital and a general medicine clinician-educator fellowship at UCSF.
  1. Huppert LA, Santhosh L, Alba-Nguyen S, Lai CJ, Babik JM. Changes in Gender and Racial/Ethnic Diversity in US Residency Program Applications From 2018 to 2022. Journal of graduate medical education. 2024. PMID: 38304603

  2. Wininger DA, Luther VP, Sweet M, Raj JM, Harper W, Amin AN, Lewis K, Harris L, Lai CJ. Optimizing the Internal Medicine Residency Recruitment Process: A National Survey of Program Directors and Next Steps. The American journal of medicine. 2023. PMID: 38151143

  3. Alexandraki I, Ismail N, Lai CJ, Duca NS, Ratcliffe T, Kisielewski M, Pincavage AT. Medical student advising during virtual residency recruitment: results of a national survey of internal medicine clerkship and sub-internship directors. Medical education online. 2023. PMID: 36351170

  4. Onumah CM, Pincavage AT, Lai CJ, Levine DL, Ismail NJ, Alexandraki I, Osman NY. Strategies for Advancing Equity in Frontline Clinical Assessment. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 2023. PMID: 37071692

  5. Lai CJ, Alexandraki I, Ismail N, Levine D, Onumah C, Pincavage AT, Jacob J, Jenkins MO, Nagarur A, Kisielewski M, Osman NY. Reviewing Internal Medicine Clerkship Grading Through a Proequity Lens: Results of a National Survey. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 2023. PMID: 36634614

  6. Dao AT, Garcia MM, Correa R, Gay LJ, Wininger DA, Sweet M, Luther VP, Chow TM, Harper W, Lai CJ. AAIM Recommendations to Promote Equity and Inclusion in the Internal Medicine Residency Interview Process. The American journal of medicine. 2022. PMID: 35981650

  7. Luther VP, Wininger DA, Lai CJ, Dao A, Garcia MM, Harper W, Chow TM, Correa R, Gay LJ, Fettig L, Dalal B, Vassallo P, Barczi S, Sweet M. Emerging from the Pandemic: AAIM Recommendations for Internal Medicine Residency and Fellowship Interview Standards. The American journal of medicine. 2022. PMID: 35820460

  8. Fitz M, Adams W, Heincelman M, Haist S, Whelan K, Cox L, Cao UT, Hingle S, Raff A, Houghton B, Fitzpatrick J, Nall R, Foster J, Appelbaum J, Grum C, Donovan A, Kiken S, Abraham R, Hlafka M, Miller C, Bansal S, Paauw D, Lai CJ, Pincavage A, Agarwal G, Burns C, Holzer H, Lappé K, John V, Barker B, Mingioni N, Rao D, Zakowski L, Chakraborti C, Williams W, Kelly W. The Impact of Internal Medicine Clerkship Characteristics and NBME Subject Exams on USMLE Step 2 Clinical Knowledge Exam Performance. Journal of general internal medicine. 2022. PMID: 35764759

  9. Alexandraki I, Walsh KJ, Ratcliffe T, Onumah C, Szauter K, Curren C, Osman N, Lai CJ, DeWaay D, Duca NS, Weinstein A, Ismail N, Jacob J, Kisielewski M, Pincavage AT. Innovation and Missed Opportunities in Internal Medicine Undergraduate Education During COVID-19: Results from a National Survey. Journal of general internal medicine. 2022. PMID: 35710667

  10. Pincavage AT, Osman NY, Alexandraki I, Ismail NJ, Levine DL, Onumah CM, Lai CJ. AAIM Recommendations to Promote Equity in the Clerkship Clinical Learning Environment. 2015 Year Book of Pediatrics. Ed. Cabana MD. (Elsevier; Philadelphia, PA). 2022. PMID: 35504324

  11. Ow GM, Lai CJ, Choi N, Khanna R. Students receiving pages on their patients: A pilot. 2015 Year Book of Pediatrics. Ed. Cabana MD. (Elsevier; Philadelphia, PA). 2022. PMID: 35199867

  12. Griffiths EP, Lai CJ, Ziv T, Dawson D, Dhaliwal G, Wheeler M, Teherani A. Patient Advocacy Assessment in the Medicine Clerkship: A Qualitative Study of Definition, Context, and Impact. 2015 Year Book of Pediatrics. Ed. Cabana MD. (Elsevier; Philadelphia, PA). 2022. PMID: 35132554

  13. Duca NS, Lai CJ, Ratcliffe TA, Alexandraki I, Ismail N, Kisielewski M, Jacob J, Walsh K, Levine DL, Szauter K, Jasti H, Pincavage AT, LaRochelle J, Glod SA. Roles and Responsibilities of Medicine Subinternship Directors : Medicine Subinternship Director Roles. Journal of general internal medicine. 2021. PMID: 34545467

  14. Ziv T, Wamsley M, Lai CJ, Griffiths EP, Maxey A, Kryzhanovskaya IE, Teherani A. A is for advocacy: How introducing student advocacy assessment impacts longitudinal integrated clerkship students and clinical supervisors. Medical teacher. 2021. PMID: 34433360

  15. Raj JM, Lai CJ, Higgins S, Chretien KC, Barton T, Kroker-Bode CA, Calderon A, Apaloo C, Shaheen AW. AAIM Principles and Recommendations for the 2021-2022 Internal Medicine Residency Interview Cycle in Response to the Continued COVID-19 Pandemic. The American journal of medicine. 2021. PMID: 34411522

  16. Onumah CM, Lai CJ, Levine D, Ismail N, Pincavage AT, Osman NY. Aiming for equity in clerkship grading: Recommendations for reducing the effects of structural and individual bias. The American journal of medicine. 2021. PMID: 34144012

  17. Bullock JL, Seligman L, Lai CJ, O'Sullivan PS, Hauer KE. Moving toward Mastery: Changes in Student Perceptions of Clerkship Assessment with Pass/Fail Grading and Enhanced Feedback. Teaching and learning in medicine. 2021. PMID: 34014793

  18. Sukumar S, Zakaria A, Lai CJ, Sakumoto M, Khanna R, Choi N. Designing and Implementing a Novel Virtual Rounds Curriculum for Medical Students' Internal Medicine Clerkship During the COVID-19 Pandemic. MedEdPORTAL : the journal of teaching and learning resources. 2021. PMID: 33768143

  19. McDonald JA, Lai CJ, Lin MYC, O'Sullivan PS, Hauer KE. "There Is a Lot of Change Afoot": A Qualitative Study of Faculty Adaptation to Elimination of Tiered Grades With Increased Emphasis on Feedback in Core Clerkships. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 2020. PMID: 32909998

  20. Daya S, Choi N, Harrison JD, Lai CJ. Advocacy in action: Medical student reflections of an experiential curriculum. The clinical teacher. 2020. PMID: 33058502

  21. Nagarur A, Lai CJ, Simmons LH, Kisielewski M, Ratcliffe TA, DeWaay DJ, Mattison MLP, Thapa B, Ziperstein JC, Johnston KT. Internal Medicine Student Education on Direct-Care Hospital Medicine Services: Results of a National Survey. The American journal of medicine. 2020. PMID: 32278844

  22. Sankey C, Williams W, Bhatnagar D, Miller CS, Lai CJ. Why and how to prepare, write and submit clinical cases. 2020. PMID: 31923927

  23. Glod SA, Alexandraki I, Jasti H, Lai CJ, Ratcliffe TA, Walsh K, Kisielewski M, LaRochelle J. Clerkship Roles and Responsibilities in a Rapidly Changing Landscape: a National Survey of Internal Medicine Clerkship Directors. Journal of general internal medicine. 2020. PMID: 31898141

  24. Bullock JL, Lai CJ, Lockspeiser T, O'Sullivan P, Aronowitz P, Dellmore D, Fung CC, Knight C, Hauer KE. In Pursuit of Honors: A Multi-Institutional Study of Students' Perceptions of Clerkship Evaluation and Grading. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 2019. PMID: 31365406

  25. Choi N, Daya S, Lai C. Promoting patient advocacy through a medicine clerkship curriculum. 2019. PMID: 31650600

  26. Lai CJ, Jackson AV, Wheeler M, Dhaliwal G, Ziv TA, Kryzhanovskaya I, Teherani A. A framework to promote equity in clinical clerkships. 2019. PMID: 31486273

  27. Le T, Baudendistel T, Chin-Hong P, Lai C, eds. First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards 2017. PMID:

  28. Gonzalo JD, Dekhtyar M, Starr SR, Borkan J, Brunett P, Fancher T, Green J, Grethlein SJ, Lai C, Lawson L, Monrad S, O'Sullivan P, Schwartz MD, Skochelak S. Health Systems Science Curricula in Undergraduate Medical Education: Identifying and Defining a Potential Curricular Framework. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 2017. PMID: 27049541

  29. Pennington K, Tong IL, Lai CJ, O'Sullivan PS, Sheu L. The Value of Student-Run Clinics for Premedical Students: A Multi-Institutional Study. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2016. PMID: 27524745

  30. Stebbins MR, Frear ME, Cutler TW, Lightwood JM, Fingado AR, Lai CJ, Lipton HL. Pharmacy students teaching prescribers strategies to lower prescription drug costs for underserved patients. 2013. PMID: 23964614

  31. Chittenden EH, Anderson WG, Lai CJ, O'Sullivan P. An evaluation of interactive web-based curricula for teaching code status discussions. Journal of palliative medicine. 2013. PMID: 23937063

  32. Sheu L, O'Brien B, O'Sullivan PS, Kwong A, Lai CJ. Systems-based practice learning opportunities in student-run clinics: a qualitative analysis of student experiences. Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges. 2013. PMID: 23619068

  33. Sheu L, Lai CJ, Coelho AD, Lin LD, Zheng P, Hom P, Diaz V, O'Sullivan PS. Impact of student-run clinics on preclinical sociocultural and interprofessional attitudes: a prospective cohort analysis. Journal of health care for the poor and underserved. 2012. PMID: 24212159

  34. Le T, Chin-Hong, PV, Baudendistel TE, Lai CJ, Editors. First Aid for the Internal Medicine Boards 2011. PMID:

  35. Sheu LC, Zheng P, Coelho AD, Lin LD, O'Sullivan PS, O'Brien BC, Yu AY, Lai CJ. Learning through service: student perceptions on volunteering at interprofessional hepatitis B student-run clinics. 2011. PMID: 20652476

  36. Poncelet A, Bokser S, Calton B, Hauer KE, Kirsch H, Jones T, Lai CJ, Mazotti L, Shore W, Teherani A, Tong L, Wamsley M, Robertson P. Development of a longitudinal integrated clerkship at an academic medical center. Medical education online. 2011. PMID: 21475642

  37. Lipton HL, Lai CJ, Cutler TW, Smith AR, Stebbins MR. Peer-to-peer interprofessional health policy education for Medicare part D. 2010. PMID: 21045944

  38. Sheu LC, Toy BC, Kwahk E, Yu A, Adler J, Lai CJ. A model for interprofessional health disparities education: student-led curriculum on chronic hepatitis B infection. Journal of general internal medicine. 2010. PMID: 20352509

  39. Hill-Sakurai LE, Lee CA, Schickedanz A, Maa J, Lai CJ. A professional development course for the clinical clerkships: developing a student-centered curriculum. Journal of general internal medicine. 2008. PMID: 18612725

  40. Lai CJ, Nye HE, Bookwalter T, Kwan A, Hauer KE. Postdischarge follow-up visits for medical and pharmacy students on an inpatient medicine clerkship. Journal of hospital medicine. 2008. PMID: 18257097

  41. Lai CJ, Nguyen TT, Hwang J, Stewart SL, Kwan A, McPhee SJ. Provider knowledge and practice regarding hepatitis B screening in Chinese-speaking patients. 2007. PMID: 17570807

  42. Lai CJ, Aagaard E, Brandenburg S, Nadkarni M, Wei HG, Baron R. Brief report: Multiprogram evaluation of reading habits of primary care internal medicine residents on ambulatory rotations. Journal of general internal medicine. 2006. PMID: 16704393

  43. Lai CJ, Terrault NA. Antiviral therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B and cirrhosis. Gastroenterology clinics of North America. 2004. PMID: 15324948